NOBEL PRIZES IN 2019

THE NOBEL  LAUREATES  2019           

THE NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2019

1. James Peeble (Canada)

Prize motivation: For theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology.

2. Michel Mayor(Switzerland)

3. Didier Quueloz (Switzerland)

Prize motivation: For the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar star.

THE NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2019

1. John B. Goodenough (Germany)

2. M. Stanely Whittingham(UK)

3. Akira Yoshino (Japan)

Prize motivation: For the development of lithium-ion batteries.

THE NOBEL PRIZE IN MEDICINE 2019

1. William G. Kaelin (USA)

2. Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe (UK)

3.Gregg L. Semenza (UK)

Prize motivation: For their discoveries of how the cell senses and to adapt to oxygen availability.

THE NOBEL PRIZE IN LITERATURE 2019

Peter Handke (Austria)

Prize motivation: For an influential work with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience.

THE NOBEL PEACE PRIZE 2019

Abiy Ahmed Ali (Ethiopia)

Prize motivation: For his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation and in a particular, for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea.

THE NOBEL PRIZE IN ECONOMIC SCIENCES 2019

1.Abhijeet Banerjee (India)

2. Esther Duflo (France)

3.Micheal Kremer (US)

Prize motivation: for their experimental approach to elevating global poverty.

 

 

BORROWED FEATURES OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION FROM OTHER COUNTRIES..

                                                                                                            The UNITED STATES.

  • Preamble
  • Written Constitution
  • Fundamental  Rights
  • Judicial review
  • Independence of Judiciary
  • Functions of the President and the Vice-President
  • The federal structure of Government
  • Removal of Supreme court & High court Judges.                                                                    UNITED KINGDOM
  • Nominal Head- President
  • Bicameralism
  • Speaker in Loksabha
  • Cabinet system of Ministers
  • Single Citizenship
  • Designation of Prime Minister
  • Parliamentary form of Government.                                                                                                 AUSTRALIA
  • Concurrent list
  • A provision regarding commerce, trade, and intercourse
  •  Language of the Preamble.                                                                                                                  CANADA 
  • Distribution of powers between states and the center
  • The idea of federation with a strong center
  • Residuary powers with the centers.                                                                                              IRELAND
  • Election of President
  • The nomination of the members in Rajyasabha
  • Directive Principles of State policy.                                                                                                  JAPAN
  • Procedure Established by Law.                                                                                                       RUSSIA (USSR)
  • Five year Plan
  • Fundamental duties.                                                                                                                              WEIMAR CONSTITUTION (GERMANY)
  • Suspension of fundamental rights during the Emergency.

INTERNATIONAL AWARDS WON BY PM NARENDRA MODI…….

PM Narendra Modi has been honored with various awards and accolades since joining the Prime minister’s office in 2014.

  1. APRIL 3, 2016 –KING ABDULAZIZ SASH AWARD OF SAUDI ARABIA ……                 Awarded by King Salman bin Abdulaziz.
  2. JUNE 4, 2016- AMIR ABDULLA KHAN AWARD OF AFGHANISTAN ………                  Awarded by Afghan President Ashraf Ghani.
  3. FEBRUARY 10, 2018-GRAND COLLAR OF THE STATE OF PALESTINE ………..        Awarded by Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.
  4. SEPTEMBER 26, 2018-UN CHAMPIONS OF THE EARTH AWARD 2018……..           Awarded by the United Nations. 
  5. OCTOBER 24, 2018SEOUL PEACE PRIZE 2018………                                                            Awarded by the Seoul peace prize committee.                                     
  6. JANUARY 14, 2019-PHILIP KOTLER PRESIDENTIAL AWARD……..                                  Awarded by World Marketing Summit.
  7. APRIL 12, 2019-ORDER OF ST ANDREW THE APOSTLE……..                                         Awarded by the Russian Federation.
  8. AUGUST 24, 2019-THE ORDER OF ZAYED OF UNITED ARAB EMIRATES…………   Awarded by United Arab Emirates(UAE). 
  9. AUGUST 25, 2019- KING HAMAD ORDER OF THE RENAISSANCE…………..               Awarded by Bahrain’s King Hamad bin Isa AL Khalifa. 

INDIA’S NEWEST CIVILIAN AWARD

  • SARDAR PATEL NATIONAL UNITY AWARD 
  • THE AWARD- the highest civilian award for contribution to the unity of India.
  • NO. OF AWARDS-maximum three in the year.
  • NOMINATIONS-to be invited every year.
  • FIRST AWARD-to be announced on 31st October 2019 NATIONAL UNITY DAY i.e. the birth anniversary of Sardar Patel.
  • HIGHLIGHTS…..
  • recipients to be given a medal and a citation.
  • No monetary grant or cash award.
  • not to be conferred posthumously except in rare cases.
  • to be conferred by the President of India.

3rd October updates..

  • Air Marshal S K Ghotia appointed as chief of South Western Command of the Indian Air Force at Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
    • HQ of IAF is in Delhi.
    • Indian Air Force was founded on 8th October 1932.
    • A book penned by Indian Ambassador to the Netherlands Venu Rajamony titled ‘India and the Netherland-Past, Present, and Future,’ was released in Amsterdam.
    • Netherland Capital: Amsterdam, Currency: Euro and USD.
    • President Ram Nath Kovind will confer the Vayoshreshtha Samman-2019 on the eminent senior citizens and institutions in recognition of their services towards the cause of the elderly persons.
    • Union Minister Smiriti Irani inaugurates Indias Largest ‘CHARKHA’ made of 1,250 kg of Waste Plastic in Noida.                                  Ministry of Smiriti Irani: Women and Child Development And Textile Ministry.
    • Sachin Tendulkar gets the most effective Swachhata Ambassador award by President Ram Nath Kovind on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
    • ISRO is celebrating ‘WORLD SAPCE WEEK’ from  October 4 -10 across Karnataka to spread information and knowledge about the benefits of space science and technologies to the student community.                                      The theme is ‘The MOON: Gateways to the Stars’.